当前位置: > > > HTML5 - 用CSS3动画制作场景切换效果(移动,旋转,淡入淡出等)

HTML5 - 用CSS3动画制作场景切换效果(移动,旋转,淡入淡出等)

两个场景(即两个div视图)切换的时候,如果想添加个过渡动画,除了可以使用js来实现,还可以通过CSS3的animation属性来实现。
 (注意:Internet Explorer 9 以及更早的版本不支持 animation 属性。)

下面做了个过渡动画汇总,包含常见的动画效果,效果图如下:


点击此处查看运行效果。 

代码如下:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>HTML5-页面切换动画</title>
  <link href="animations.css" rel="stylesheet">
  <script src="modernizr.custom.js"></script>
  <script src="jquery-1.8.0.min.js"></script>
  <style>
	#viewsWrapper {
		top:0px;
		left:0px;
		width:300px;
		height:200px;
		position:relative;
		overflow: hidden;
	}
		
	#view1 {
		background:#dddd00;
	}
	
	#view2 {
		background:#ff00ff;
	}
	
	#view3 {
		background:#cc00ff;
	}
	
	#view4 {
		background:#00cccc;
	}
  
	.pt-page {
		width: 100%;
		height: 100%;
		position: absolute;
		top: 0;
		left: 0;
		visibility: hidden;
		overflow: hidden;
		-webkit-backface-visibility: hidden;
		-moz-backface-visibility: hidden;
		backface-visibility: hidden;
		-webkit-transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);
		-moz-transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);
		transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);
		-webkit-transform-style: preserve-3d;
		-moz-transform-style: preserve-3d;
		transform-style: preserve-3d;
	}
	.pt-page-current,
	.no-js .pt-page {
		visibility: visible;
		z-index: 1;
	}
  </style>
  <script>
	//当前页面移动完毕
	var endCurrPage = false;
	//后续页面移动完毕
	var endNextPage = false;
	//入场动画和出场动画
	var	outClass = '';
	var inClass = '';
	
	var animEndEventNames = {
			'WebkitAnimation' : 'webkitAnimationEnd',
			'OAnimation' : 'oAnimationEnd',
			'msAnimation' : 'MSAnimationEnd',
			'animation' : 'animationend'
		},
		// animation end event name
		animEndEventName = animEndEventNames[ Modernizr.prefixed( 'animation' ) ]
	
	$(function() {
	    //保存各个View的默认class
		$(".pt-page").each( function() {
			var $page = $( this );
			$page.data( 'originalClassList', $page.attr( 'class' ) );
		} );
		//设置默认页面
		$(".pt-page").eq(0).addClass( 'pt-page-current' );
		
		//添加动画样式单选框
		var str = "";
		for(var i=1;i<=67;i++){
			str += '<input type="radio" name="myAnimation" value="'+i+'" />效果'+i;
			if(i%7==0){
				str += "<br/>";
			}
		}
		$("#radiosDiv").html(str);
	});
	
	//View切换
	function changeView(newView){
		//设置动画效果	
		var animationType = $('input:radio[name="myAnimation"]:checked:eq(0)').val();
		getAnimationClass(parseInt(animationType));
		
		$currPage = $(".pt-page-current").eq(0);
		$nextPage = $(newView);
		
		//清除原来添加的动画,层级等样式
		//(正常动画结束时会自动清除,这样做防止用户在动画结束前就点击切换其他的)
		$(".pt-page").each( function() {
			$(this).attr( 'class', $(this).data( 'originalClassList' ) );
		});
		$currPage.addClass("pt-page-current");
		$nextPage.addClass("pt-page-current");
				
		
		//如果就是当页则不切换
		if($currPage.attr("id") == $nextPage.attr("id")){
			return;
		}

		//新页面入场
		$currPage.addClass(outClass).on( animEndEventName, function() {
			$currPage.off( animEndEventName );
			endCurrPage = true;
			if( endNextPage ) {
				onEndAnimation( $currPage, $nextPage );
			}
		} );

		//旧页面出场
		$nextPage.addClass(inClass).on( animEndEventName, function() {
			$nextPage.off( animEndEventName );
			endNextPage = true;
			if( endCurrPage ) {
				onEndAnimation( $currPage, $nextPage );
			}
		} );
	}
	
	//所有动画都结束后
	function onEndAnimation( $outpage, $inpage ) {
		endCurrPage = false;
		endNextPage = false;
		//resetPage( $outpage, $inpage );
		//isAnimating = false;
		$outpage.attr( 'class', $outpage.data( 'originalClassList' ) );
		$inpage.attr( 'class', $inpage.data( 'originalClassList' ) + ' pt-page-current' );
	}	
	
	function getAnimationClass(animationType) {
		switch(animationType) {
			case 1:		
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToLeft';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRight';
				break;
			case 2:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToRight';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeft';
				break;
			case 3:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToTop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottom';
				break;
			case 4:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToBottom';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTop';
				break;
			case 5:
				outClass = 'pt-page-fade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRight pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 6:
				outClass = 'pt-page-fade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeft pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 7:
				outClass = 'pt-page-fade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottom pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 8:
				outClass = 'pt-page-fade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTop pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 9:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToLeftFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRightFade';
				break;
			case 10:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToRightFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeftFade';
				break;
			case 11:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToTopFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottomFade';
				break;
			case 12:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToBottomFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTopFade';
				break;
			case 13:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToLeftEasing pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRight';
				break;
			case 14:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToRightEasing pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeft';
				break;
			case 15:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToTopEasing pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottom';
				break;
			case 16:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToBottomEasing pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTop';
				break;
			case 17:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDown';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRight pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 18:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDown';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeft pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 19:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDown';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottom pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 20:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDown';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTop pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 21:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDown';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUpDown pt-page-delay300';
				break;
			case 22:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDownUp';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUp pt-page-delay300';
				break;
			case 23:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToLeft pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUp';
				break;
			case 24:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToRight pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUp';
				break;
			case 25:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToTop pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUp';
				break;
			case 26:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToBottom pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUp';
				break;
			case 27:
				outClass = 'pt-page-scaleDownCenter';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUpCenter pt-page-delay400';
				break;
			case 28:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateRightSideFirst';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRight pt-page-delay200 pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 29:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateLeftSideFirst';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeft pt-page-delay200 pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 30:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateTopSideFirst';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTop pt-page-delay200 pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 31:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateBottomSideFirst';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottom pt-page-delay200 pt-page-ontop';
				break;
			case 32:
				outClass = 'pt-page-flipOutRight';
				inClass = 'pt-page-flipInLeft pt-page-delay500';
				break;
			case 33:
				outClass = 'pt-page-flipOutLeft';
				inClass = 'pt-page-flipInRight pt-page-delay500';
				break;
			case 34:
				outClass = 'pt-page-flipOutTop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-flipInBottom pt-page-delay500';
				break;
			case 35:
				outClass = 'pt-page-flipOutBottom';
				inClass = 'pt-page-flipInTop pt-page-delay500';
				break;
			case 36:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateFall pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-scaleUp';
				break;
			case 37:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateOutNewspaper';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateInNewspaper pt-page-delay500';
				break;
			case 38:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushLeft';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRight';
				break;
			case 39:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushRight';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeft';
				break;
			case 40:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushTop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottom';
				break;
			case 41:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushBottom';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTop';
				break;
			case 42:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushLeft';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotatePullRight pt-page-delay180';
				break;
			case 43:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushRight';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotatePullLeft pt-page-delay180';
				break;
			case 44:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushTop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotatePullBottom pt-page-delay180';
				break;
			case 45:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotatePushBottom';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotatePullTop pt-page-delay180';
				break;
			case 46:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateFoldLeft';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromRightFade';
				break;
			case 47:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateFoldRight';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromLeftFade';
				break;
			case 48:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateFoldTop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromBottomFade';
				break;
			case 49:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateFoldBottom';
				inClass = 'pt-page-moveFromTopFade';
				break;
			case 50:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToRightFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateUnfoldLeft';
				break;
			case 51:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToLeftFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateUnfoldRight';
				break;
			case 52:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToBottomFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateUnfoldTop';
				break;
			case 53:
				outClass = 'pt-page-moveToTopFade';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateUnfoldBottom';
				break;
			case 54:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomLeftOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomLeftIn';
				break;
			case 55:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomRightOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomRightIn';
				break;
			case 56:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomTopOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomTopIn';
				break;
			case 57:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomBottomOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateRoomBottomIn';
				break;
			case 58:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeLeftOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeLeftIn';
				break;
			case 59:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeRightOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeRightIn';
				break;
			case 60:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeTopOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeTopIn';
				break;
			case 61:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeBottomOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCubeBottomIn';
				break;
			case 62:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselLeftOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselLeftIn';
				break;
			case 63:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselRightOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselRightIn';
				break;
			case 64:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselTopOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselTopIn';
				break;
			case 65:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselBottomOut pt-page-ontop';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateCarouselBottomIn';
				break;
			case 66:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateSidesOut';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateSidesIn pt-page-delay200';
				break;
			case 67:
				outClass = 'pt-page-rotateSlideOut';
				inClass = 'pt-page-rotateSlideIn';
				break;
		}
	}
  </script>
</head>
<body>
	<div id="viewsWrapper">
		<div id="view1" class="pt-page">这个是页面1......</div>
		<div id="view2" class="pt-page">这个是页面2......</div>
		<div id="view3" class="pt-page">这个是页面3......</div>
		<div id="view4" class="pt-page">这个是页面4......</div>
	</div>
	<br/>
	<input type="button" onclick="changeView('#view1')" value="切换页面1"/>
	<input type="button" onclick="changeView('#view2')" value="切换页面2"/>
	<input type="button" onclick="changeView('#view3')" value="切换页面3"/>
	<input type="button" onclick="changeView('#view4')" value="切换页面4"/>
	<br/>
	<br/>
	<div id="radiosDiv"></div>
</body>
</html>

源码下载:场景切换.zip

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